We added a new indicator: “Number of people in poverty” (in millions). See the data here.
We updated “Extreme poverty (% people below 1.25$ a day)”. See the data here.
Finally, we updated “GNI/capita (Atlas method, current US$)”. See the data here.
We updated the data in child mortality (under-five mortality) with data for 2013, and we replaced existing data with new estimates from the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME). We also made additional backwards revisions to make the dataset consistent.
See the data here
See the documentation here
We updated the following indicators:
Life expectancy at birth (this is a temporary update where we added new data from IHME, we will revise this data in the future). See the data here.
GDP per capita in fixed international dollars (i.e. “Income per person”). A temporary update where we use the new 2011 ppp benchmark from the world bank (we will revise this data in the future). See the data here.
Total GDP (in fixed international dollars). The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.
Growth in GDP per capita (in fixed international dollars), yearly growth. The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.
Growth in GDP per capita (in fixed international dollars), long term growth. The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.
Growth in total GDP (in fixed international dollars), yearly growth. The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.
CO2 emissions. See the data here.
CO2 per capita emissions. See the data here.
2013 is now available in the data. We added new data for Taiwan, Greenland and Russia. We revised the historical data of Russia. See the documentation here and see the data here. This will be version 6 of the data.
We added estimates for 2013 from World Population Prospects. Taiwan and Greenland was guesstimated by us.
We have made a number of revisions to “life expectancy”. We have guesstimated how much life expectancy dropped during a number of wars, epidemics and other disasters. We have also added short explanations for many of these disasters. These explanations are available in the excel file available here You find a FAQ that explains the updates here You can view the new data here
We have updated the indicator “Income per person (GDP/capita, PPP$ inflation adjusted)” to version 14. We added interpolations to all years, assuming a constant growth (instead of a constant increase in dollars). This gives a more realistic picture for fast growing economies with sparse data (such as the oil-rich gulf countries). We also made some historical revisions of China, UK, Cambodia, Lebanon, Malta and Greenland. You can view the new data here and the documentation here.
We added GDP per capita from Penn World Table 8.0. We used the variable labaled “RGDPE” in the database, and divided itby population. The indicator is available unde “for advanced users” -> “Alternative GDP indicators”. It can be viewed here
We have updated Children per woman (total fertility rate) with new data from World Population Prospects, including projections (1950-2099). The year 2012 is now included in the data set. We also did some backward revisions and additions (e.g. for China & Greenland). Finally, we did some extrapolations to make sure all countries with data were covered in 1800.
See the indicator here
The documentation is available here
We updated data for Annual HIV Deaths, New HIV Cases (number of people, all ages and percentage of population aged 15-49) and ART coverage. Backward revisions were performed by UNAIDS. See the latest data in the Gapminder World.
We updated Life expectancy with new data from World Population Prospects (2012 version). A number of backward revisions was also done and we have added guestimates for a couple of disasters (Haiti earthquake, Somalia famine, Syrian civil war). Both Life expectancy and Life expectancy with extrapolations have been updated. This data set is version 6 of Life expectancy. The documentation is available here.
We used the new updated income per person. See the data here: www.bit.ly/17z5l4A
We have updated “Income per person” and “Income per person with projections”. This will be version 12.
The new data can be viewed here
The documentation for the new data can be viewed here: //www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd001/
The following updates have been made:
(a) new updates from IMF and a few other complementary sources, we now have data upto 2012;
(b) revised historical series of former USSR republics so we now have yearly data rather than only benchmark years;
( c ) new data for Kosovo back to 1990;
(d) new swedish data for 1560 to 2005 from Schön & Krantz have been incorporated. Sweden in 1800 is slightly richer with the new data. Much of what is written about Sweden in the pdf documentation from 2011 in section 5.3 is now irrelevant (since that refers to the previous series which were much lower in 1800);
( e ) we deleted the data before 1800 for Finland, Denmark & Norway since they seemed to unreliable inlight of the new swedish data.
We updated the data for proportion of adults living with HIV and number of people living with HIV. The % of adults had been slightly revised. The dataset for “Number of people living with HIV” had been revised backwards up to 1990 by UNAIDS. See the newest estimates in the Gapminder World.
We updated maternal mortality ratio and the number of maternal deaths with the most recent IHME data. You can also find WHO’s most recent MMR estimates (up to 2010) under “For advanced users”. See the updated maternal health data in the Gapminder World.
We updated the aid received per person. The data source is the World Bank and values are displayed in current US$. See the bubbles in the Gapminder World.
We updated hydroelectric and nuclear electricity production (total and per person). We changed the source for both indicators. We also changed the indicator for nuclear power, which now displays electricity produced by nuclear power plants used to generate electricity. See the new indicator in the Gapminder World.
We updated Oil Production (total and per capita) and Electricity use (total and per capita). We changed sources for both indicators. To see the new data, go to the Gapminder World.
We updated received ODA, in both % of GNI and constant 2010 US$. Please note that the currency was changed from constant 2009$, which led to small changes in the dataset. See the updated version in the Gapminder World.
We updated the total GDP in PPP$ (inflation-adjusted). Due to backward revisions in the population data, there are backward revisions to previous versions of the indicator. See the world’s income in the Gapminder World.
We updated the CO2 emissions per person, and energy use total and per person. See the per capita CO2 emission in the Gapminder World.
We updated the lifetime risk of maternal death per 1000 women. See the global development in the Gapminder World.
We updated the Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education. See how the proportions have changed over time in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for yearly CO2 emission and cumulative CO2 emission. Some backward revisions for recent years were done. See how the CO2 emission is rising in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for urban population (total population and percent of population) and urban population growth. Enjoy the stats in the Gapminder World.
We updated GDP per capita and total (in constant 2000 US$). For technical reasons we changed the data source to World Bank (which provides the same data as the previous source, UN Statistics Division). Some backward revisions were undertaken. See the newest available data in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for Population Density and Children out of school. There seem to be backward revisions for the stats for Children out of school (total, male and female). Watch the global progress in the Gapminder World.
We updated cell phones (total and per 100 people) and internet users (per 100 people)! Find out how many people are online in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for Malnutrition, Primary school completion (total, boys and girls), Improved sanitation (total, rural and urban) and Exports (as % of GDP). Some backward additions were made. Check out the extended data in the Gapminder World.
We uploaded some new indicators: Total GNI (PPP$), GNI per capita (Atlas Method, constant 2000US and PPP) and Coal Consumption (total and per capita in tonnes of oil equivalent). See the animations in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for annual inflation. Find the most up to date stats in the Gapminder World.
We updated data on immunization coverage for DTP3, HepB3, Hib3, MCV and PAB. There seem to be backward revisions and additions to former datasets. See how coverage increased during the past 30 years in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for access to improved water source (total, urban and rural) – all three indicators seem to have undergone backward revisions. Agriculture (added value as % of GDP) was also updated and also seems to have been revised backwards slightly. See the newest available data in the Gapminder World.
We updated the Gini index and Military Expenditure (% of GDP). See the new data in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data for youth literacy (female, male and total), extreme poverty (<1.25 US$/day) and annual population growth! There seem to be some backward revisions in the extreme poverty data. See the latest changes in the Gapminder World.
We updated the data on people living with less than 2US$ a day. Explore the world’s changes in the Gapminder World.
We updated the Human Development Index (HDI). Check out the new data in the Gapminder World.
We updated adult literacy rate for the total, male and female population. See how many people can read and write in your country in the Gapminder World.
We updated all Health Economics indicators! Except for the indicator “Medical Doctors (per 1,000)” there seem to be some backward revisions for all indicators. See the new data in the Gapminder World.
We updated the total health spending (as % of GDP) until 2010. There seem to be backward revisions from former versions. See the new data in the Gapminder World.
We updated Total Health Expenditure Per Capita (in PPP) until 2010. There seem to be backward revisions from the former versions. See the data in Gapminder World www.bit.ly/Uduh8t
We updated CO2 emiisions (total and per capita) up to 2010 for some countries for which there was data. The co2 per pcaita data is also revised somehwat due to an earlier revision of the population data. We also corrected the name of the total CO2 emission. It sould be “1000 tonnnes” rather than “tonnes”.
with new data from CME, plus some backward revisions
We have added South Sudan to our country list, plus some estimates for the country for the main indicators.
We have updated total fertility (total fertility with projections). We have added South Sudan (at the time of writing it is not visible in the graph) and Greenland. We have also revised Romania, Finland and Sweden. See the new graph here.
We have updated teen fertility upto 2010. We also added historical estimates for an additional number of countries. See the data on a time line here. Or see the data plotted against GDP per capita here.
We have extended “children per woman” up to 2011 with projections. The data for Taiwan has also been revised from 2008 and on, using new data. This updated also apply to “total fertility with projections”. For children per women see this link.
We have added data for 2011 to life expectancy. These data are for now based on projections. See theis link.
We have updated GDP per capita. The data has been extended to 2011 and we have done some backward revisions for the years 2006-2010. The same revisions was done to “GDP per capita with projections” (which is identical to “GDP per capita” uptil 2010. The main source for these revisions are IMF World Economic Outlook 2012. Note that the data for 2011 can only be seen together with some of the few other indicators that extends to 2011 (e.g life expectency with projections).
We made a minor revision of “children per women” and “children per women with projections”. The revision concerns Taiwan, Virgin Island (US), Hing Kong and Qatar.
We have added a new way to categories the bubbles (by colors): main religion in 2008. See link.
More years have been added. See the graph.
We updated “population, total” & “total population with projections” for Taiwan 1950 and on.
We added two new indicators that show how many children each woman have on average that survive to their 35th birthday, or die before their 35th birthday. The two indicators sum up to the total fertility rate. Projections up to 2100 has been included. A graph with the indicators (with projections) can be seen here.
We have updated “population, total” and “population with projections”. “Population, total” covers the period 1700 up to today. “Population with projections” includes projections up to 2100, and we have also included data before 1700 for several countries.
We no longer attempts to do a quality grading of each observation. The data quality indicator is still available in Gapminder World, but it refers to version 1 of “total population”.
For more information please go to the documentation page.
Both per capita and total CO2 emissions have been updated to 2008.
“Life expectancy” and “Life expectancy with projections” has been updated. New data from World Population Prospect has been added. This also implies some backward revisions. See the documentation for more details: //www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
We updated “Children per woman” with new data from World Population Prospects. Some backward revisions were also done. The indicator “Children per woman with projections” were also updated. See the documentation for more information: www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd008/
Some international organisations keep selling public datasets as if they were books. This bad habit is a relic from the time when copying data was expensive. OECD still have a list of public datasets for sale. One item is especially absurd to keep selling. It’s the International Trade by Commodity Statistics Database, available at €530 for a subscription. This is the collection of all prices and quantities of international trade. The hard work of collecting this massive dataset is not payed for by OECD directly. 99.9% of the cost is covered by tax payers through public customs-registration in each country. The OECD price-tag is only to cover the final harmonization of data reported from various countries.
Why is the selling of this data especially absurd? Read about OECD: “The common thread of our work is a shared commitment to market economies…”. Not only is the selling of public data a misuse of a monopoly position, but the selling of price-data in particular goes against the core theory of Market Economy. A market is assumed to operate smoothly when participants have full and free access to information about prices. The OECD leadership need to remind themselves about what they believe in. They need to go home, pick up the their old textbook from school and read chapter one again. The World Bank did it. Eurostat is already providing monthly trade statistics for EU in huge free bulk files to be integrated in any tool or service.
The cost of providing important public data needs to be covered by the OECD core budget instead of trying to recover revenue by pretending datasets are books.
Thanks a lot to Elliot Rankin-Jones, who helped us identify an error in Gapminder World.
The data for “military expenditure (% opf GDP)” has been upgraded with the latest World Bank report.
Please try selecting one country at a time and zoom in (available from the lower left corner of the graph) to see its unique pattern, for example, the U.S.
200 years of total GDP (PPP$, inflation-adjusted) has been added into Gapminder World. graph
This indicator is based on 2 other indicators: GDP per capita (PPP$, inflation-adjusted) and Population.
Documentations for the data compilation process could be found here.
The following 4 communication indicators have been updated using the latest data from the World Bank.
1. Cell phones (total). graph
2. Cell phone (per 100 people). graph
3. Internet users (total). graph
4. Internet users (per 100 people). graph
The data for “Maternal deaths, lifetime risk (per 1,000)” has been updated using the latest data from Unicef.
The following 4 indicators have been updated using the latest data from the World Bank:
1. Debt servicing costs (% of exports and net income from abroad) graph
2. Present value of debt (% of GNI) graph
3. Exports unit value (index, 2000=100) graph
4. Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) graph
By using the latest data from MDG indicators, 6 infrastructure indicators have been added into Gapminder World:
- Improved sanitation, overall access (%)
- Improved sanitation, urban access (%)
- Improved sanitation, rural access (%)
- Improved water source, overall access (%)
- Improved water source, urban access (%)
- Improved water source, rural access (%)
The indicator “Democracy score” has been updated using the latest data from Polity IV.
View the graph here .
The written documentation for GDP per capita has now been uploaded:
We have finally uploaded an excel-file with all the sources and meta-data for Income per person. You find it at the documentation page.
Based on the latest data from the MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, 6 health indicators have been added into Gapminder World:
1. Body Mass Index (BMI), men, Kg/m2
2. Body Mass Index (BMI), women, Kg/m2
3. Blood pressure, men, mmHg
4. Blood pressure, women, mmHg
5. Cholesterol (fat) in blood, men, mmol/L
6. Cholesterol (fat) in blood, women, mmol/L
Based on the data from UN Population Division, Gapminder Foundation has added the estimated number of annual new births for each country from 1953 till 2030.
Based on the latest UNAIDS data, 3 new indicators of HIV have been added into Gapminder World:
– Newly HIV infected (number, all ages)
– Newly HIV infected (%, age 15-49)
– Annual HIV deaths (number, all ages)
The original 2 indicators of HIV in Gapminder World have also been updated using the latest UNAIDS data:
– People living with HIV (number, all ages)
– Adults with HIV (%, age 15-49)
The following 4 indicators have been upgraded by using the latest WDI data.
- Energe use, per person;
- Energe use, total;
- Energy production, per person;
- Energy production, total.
Also the structure of category “Energy” has been re-organized by energy sources.
During our previous database maintenance, we removed from Gapminder World the indicators for cancer mortality rate and annual deaths. But according to the feedbacks from our keen users, we decided to put them back into Gapminder World.
Please find the indicators from sub-category “Health” -> “Cancer, female” or “Cancer, male”.
The following energy indicators have been added into Gapminder World, by using the latest data from IEA (International Energy Agency):
Electricity use, per person
Electricity use, total
Residential electricity use, per person
Residential electricity use, total
Hydro power generation, per person
Hydro power generation, total
Nuclear power generagion, per person
Nuclear power generagion, total
The following indicators have been updated by using the latest data from IEA (International Energy Agency).
Oil production, total
Oil production, per person
The indicator formerly known as “war mortality” as changed name to “Battle deaths (per 100.000).” The new name better reflects the definition of the indicator.
Indicator “Trade balance (current US$)” has been updated using the latest WDI data.
Also indicator “Trade balance (% of GDP)” has been updated with the latest WDI data.
Indicator “HDI” has bee updated by using the latest UNDP report data (http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/data/).
We have uploaded an updated documentation for the total fertility rate. The new documentation includes all the revisions we have done since version 1 of the dataset.
The documenation is available at Gapminder documentation 008.
We have renamed some of the indicators under economy. We have also reduced the number of headings. Some indicators have been moved to “for advanced users”.
If you have problem finding any indicator please go to the data page:
We removed the following two indicators:
-Consumer price index (2000=100)
-Capital formation (constant prices)
We updated aid-received, total, which were previously in current prices, with aid recieved, total, in fixed prices. We also renamed the indicator, it is now called: Aid received, total (US$, inflation-adjusted)
The following indicators have been added:
-Murder (total deaths)
-Suicide (total deaths)
-Traffic (total deaths)
-War mortality (per 100 000)
-Armed forces personnel, total
-Armed forces personnel (% of labor force)
-Total GDP (PPP $, inflation adjusted)
There was a typing error for Myanmar in income growth. The error is now corrected. Thanks to Tim Sullivan for pointing out the error.
We added a new indicator that measures the kilocalories available, on average, for each person per day. You find it under “economy” – “consumption”. However, it is a rather poor indicator of malnutrition in a country, since the distribution of food consumption varies.
We have added some very interesting new indicators!
Under “Health” we have added traffic deaths per 100,000 persons, suicides per 100,000 persons, murders per 100,000 persons, deaths from burn injures per 100,000 persons, drownings per 100,000 persons, deaths from unintentional poisonings and deaths from fall injuries per 100,000 persons. Note that burns, drownings, poisonings and falls refer to unintentional (accidental) injuries, not murders or suicides.
In addition we added – under Health – alcohol consumption per person; and – under Technology and infrastructure – number of cars, trucks and buses per 100,000 persons.
We have revised income per person, with projections. Upto 2009 we use the ordinary “income per person” (Version 9). After 2009 we use IMF projections from the World Economic Outlook database. Visualise the indicator: http://tiny.cc/5ohym
Long-term series has been added, and newer, revised sources has replaced the previous one. The sources used are, in order of priority: (1) Himan mortality database; (2) CME info; (3) estimates based on infant mortality. See the documentation for more info:
We have made several, mostly minor, revisions for the indicator “Children per woman (total fertility rate”). We have also deleted several observations before 1950 that were unrealistically high. See more at the documentation page
Data for 2007 and 2008 has been added, with data from CME info. Several observations for years before 2007 have also been replaced with data from CME info.
Read more in the documentation: www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd002/
Due to data quality problem, the following indicators have been removed from Gapminder World:
– Aviation (million kilometres flown)
– Aviation (million passenger-kilometres)
– Aviation (million ton-kilometres)
– Aviation (thousands of passengers carried)
Their original place was in “Technology and infrastructure”.
The new name is “GDP per capita (PPP) from PWT”. This has been done to clarify that the data is adjusted for purchasing power parities (rather than being based on exchange-rates). The tool tip has also been changed to clarify this.
The following indicators have been updated by using the latest World Bank WDI data. Extremely high and low values have been “disabled” in the graph, just in order to show the overall pattern of the world development.
1. Level 1 [Economy]
Military expenditure (% of GDP) graph
2. Level 1 [Economy]
Gross capital formation (% of GDP) graph
3. Level 1 [Births and deaths]
Population growth (annual %) graph
4. Level 1 [Population]
Level 2 [Urbanization]
Urban population growth (annual %) graph
In the following indicators, 2008 United States data was missing for 2008 due to availability problem, and therefore a 3-year average has been applied (from 2005 to 2007) as the 2008 data, because these 3 indicators have been quite stable during the last several years.
1. Agriculture, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
2. Industry, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
3. Service, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
The following indicators in Gapminder World have been updated from the new data provided by the World Bank:
*Agricultural land (% of land area)
*Agriculture, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
*Arms exports (constant 1990 US$)
*Arms imports (constant 1990 US$)
*Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
*Broadband subscribers (per 100 people)
*CO2 intensity of economic output (kg CO2 per 2005 PPP $ of GDP)
*Contraceptive use (% of women ages 15-49)
*Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
*External debt, total (% of GNI)
*External debt, total (DOD, current US$)
*Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
*Foreign direct investment, net outflows (% of GDP)
*Forest area (sq. km)
*High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
*Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
*Imports unit value (index, 2000=100)
*Income growth (per person growth in GDP, %)
*Industry, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
*Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)
*Malnutrition, weight for age (% of children under 5)
*Market value of listed companies (% of GDP)
*Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
*Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (% of total population)
*Roads, paved (% of total roads)
*Services, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
*Surface area (sq. km)
*Tax revenue (% of GDP)
*Total reserves (% of external debt)
*Urban population (% of total)
Here we will post short notices of all updates, revisions and additions we make to the data. Notices of earlier (major) data updates are still available at:
There are large differences across the world in the age at the first marriage for girls. Some regions have experienced a dramatic increase. This can be seen in the new dataset compiled by Gapminder.
Compare the “age at first marriage (girls)” with “children per woman” in Gapminder World (new window).
Continue reading “New data: Dramatic increase in girls’ age of marriage”