Gapminder combines data from multiple sources into unique coherent time-series that can’t be found elsewhere.

Below are links to documentation describing how we have combined the sources in each case. For the sake of transparency, whenever allowed to share the underlying data, we make our complete calculations available for download, often in Excel files. In most of these files the details are not documented, as we haven’t had time to describe every little step in our data process. But our data is constantly being improved by people who help find problems. If you have questions, we will try to answer them in our data-forum. Read more about our data combination methods here »

Each documentation page has a version number and links to the previous versions. Whenever we update the data, or make other significant changes in the documentation, we make a new version.

Data combined by Gapminder

Commonly used indicators
Babies per woman (total fertility rate)
Child Mortality Rate, under age five
GDP per capita in constant PPP dollars
Infant Mortality Rate, under age one
Life Expectancy at Birth

Other indicators
Average age at 1st marriage (girls)
Legal slavery
Maternal mortality

Other documentation
Income Mountains
World Health Chart, data sources

This list only includes data that we have somehow modified or calculated ourselves. The complete list of data we use is here »

Archive of data that we haven’t updated for a while,
GDP per capita by PPP for sub-national units