On Income Level 1, people earn less than $2 a day. These are the poorest billion people in the world. Meeting even the most basic of their needs is a struggle, from having a drink of water on a hot day to staying dry when it’s raining.
People on Level 1 typically have more children than the global average of 2, because they live in countries where children are far more likely to die before they reach the age of 5.
They work as low-yield farmers or labourers and have no savings. Often they grow the food that their family eats. That food is the same for every meal, every single day and is cooked on open fires indoors. Because they grow their own food and can’t afford to buy food from shops or markets, one bad harvest could mean the entire family starves.
People on this income level also have to travel long distances to fetch water in a bucket, either from a cold water tap or an open mud hole. Because they can’t afford any other form of transport, they have to walk barefoot or wearing basic plastic sandals.
Their homes are made from natural materials like mud and are vulnerable to bad weather because they have temporary roofs. Those homes are also hard to keep safe from other people, because the doors often don’t have locks. Families share one common space.
If a family member gets sick it can be hard to cure treatable illnesses and infections because people at this level of poverty have very limited access to antibiotics and health clinics are a long way away.